Addictions – 1

SMOKING

Dangers of Smoking

World Deaths    in millions % of    deaths
Ischaemic   heart disease 7.25 12.8%
Stroke   and other cerebrovascular disease 6.15 10.8%
Lower   respiratory infections 3.46 6.1%
Chronic   obstructive pulmonary disease 3.28 5.8%
Diarrhoeal   diseases 2.46 4.3%
HIV/AIDS 1.78 3.1%
Trachea,   bronchus, lung cancers 1.39 2.4%
Tuberculosis 1.34 2.4%
Diabetes   mellitus 1.26 2.2%
Road   traffic accidents 1.21 2.1%

Major causes of death

Q: How many people die every year?

During 2008, an estimated 57 million people died.

Q: What is the number one cause of death throughout the world?

Cardiovascular diseases kill more people each year than any others. In 2008, 7.3 million people died of ischaemic heart disease, 6.2 million from stroke or another form of cerebrovascular disease.

Q: Isn’t smoking a top cause of death?

Tobacco use is a major cause of many of the world’s top killer diseases – including cardiovascular disease, chronic obstructive lung disease and lung cancer. In total, tobacco use is responsible for the death of almost one in 10 adults worldwide. Smoking is often the hidden cause of the disease recorded as responsible for death.

Source – World Health Organisation

See also http://myfinalsmoke.com/global-smoking-statistics-2016/#2016-global-smoking-statistics-and-trends

Smoking prevalence

In 2014, 19% of adults in Great Britain currently smoked, down from a peak of 46% in 1974.

Average consumption among smokers was 11 cigarettes a day – the lowest daily cigarette consumption since the series began when it was 16.

In 2014, 18% of secondary school pupils reported they had tried smoking at least once. Hospital admissions

There were 1.7 million admissions for conditions that could be caused by smoking in 2014/15. This is an average of 4.7 thousand admissions per day.

Of these 475 thousand (28%) were estimated to be attributed to smoking. Deaths

There were 78,000 deaths in 2014 which were estimated to be attributed to smoking.
E-cigarettes

In 2015, 4% of adults in Great Britain were current e-cigarette users.

More secondary school pupils reported having tried e-cigarettes at least once (22%) than traditional cigarettes (18%). Expenditure

In 2015, tobacco was 27% less affordable than it was in 2005.

Tobacco expenditure as a proportion of total household expenditure has fallen to 1.7% in 2015 from 3.3% in 1985. Prescriptions

In 2014/15 the number of prescription items dispensed in England to help people stop smoking was 1.3 million, compared to 2.0 million ten years ago.

The net ingredient cost was £38.1 million.

Among pupils aged 11 to 15, in England, in 2009:

Three in ten pupils (29%), had tried smoking at least once and 6% were regular smokers (smoking at least one cigarette a week).

Girls were more likely to smoke than boys; 10% of girls had smoked in the last week compared with 8% of boys.

Costs of smoking, in the UK, in 2009:

£16.3 billion was estimated to be spent on tobacco in 2009.

Source – NHS/ONS

Solutions

Although the UK Government has introduced a number of measures to reduce smoking, including its ban in public areas, smoke-cessation sessions and a media campaign, tobacco use is still too high.  We need to take the campaign to the next stage.  I would like to make a few suggestions:

  1. Put a tax on every individual cigarette of £0.50 and £2.00 per tobacco packet;
  2. Each cigarette is barcoded so it can be tracked – if non-barcoded versions sold, then the seller is fined £10,000. and barred from selling cigarettes in future.
  3. All businesses selling cigarettes and alcohol are registered and licenced by a national body.
  4. Allow smoking to only take place in the home;
  5. Tobacco is only available in non-chain stores and only to those over 21 years of age;
  6. There is an increase in appropriate staff to prevent a black market operating;
  7. An intensive programme in schools about the dangers of smoking, taking drugs and alcohol abuse is introduced;
  8. Continue the media campaign.
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