Addictions – 2

ALCOHOL

Alcohol-related deaths in the United Kingdom, 2010:

  • In 2010 there were 8,790 alcohol-related deaths in the UK, 126 more than in 2009 (8,664);
  • There are more alcohol-related deaths in males than in females, with 67 per cent of all alcohol-related deaths in the UK in 2010 being male;
  • Alcohol-related death rates were highest for those aged 55-74 and lowest for those aged under 35 over the last ten years;
  • UK males aged 55-74 years showed a sharp and  statistically significant increase in alcohol-related death rate from 41.8      per 100,000 in 2009 to 45.2 per 100,000 in 2010.

Alcohol and crime: a snapshot

When it comes to crime, alcohol use has a big impact. Recent crime statistics show that:

  • in 45 per cent of all violent crimes, the victims believed their attackers had been drinking
  • 37 per cent of domestic violence cases involve alcohol
  • in 2007-08, more than a million crimes involved alcohol use in some way

Source – ONS

Solutions

  1. If drivers have any alcohol in their  blood system, they are to be fined £1,000, plus costs, and have six points deducted from their licence;
  2. If drivers caused death whilst under the influence of alcohol, they are to be jailed for manslaughter, and have their driving licence revoked permanently;
  3. If drivers cause injuries to passengers or pedestrians whilst under the influence of alcohol, they are to fined £5,000, plus costs, sent to prison for at least 3 years, and have their licence revoked for five years;
  4. If non-drivers cause injuries to others, whilst under the influence of alcohol, they are to also to be fined £5,000, plus cost, and sent to prison for at least 5 years;
  5. Alcohol only to be sold in non-chain supermarkets at twice the cost price, as a minimum, and only to those over 18 years of age;
  6. Limits to be set as to how much alcohol can be bought at each visit to the retailer;
  7. Alcohol only to be served in licensed premises which meet certain criteria:
    1. No alcohol served after 10.00 pm;
    2. No alcohol served to anyone under 18 years of age;
    3. Only staff with an officially-recognised certificate to serve alcohol (see below)
    4. The licence is held by the premises, not the individual, and has to be renewed annually;
    5. All premises which wish to serve alcohol, must also serve a range of food;
    6. All intoxicated members of the public to be asked to leave the premises;
    7. All security staff to be registered by the local council and have been on an appropriate course, approved by the Government;
    8. If anyone is found intoxicated in a public area, they are to be fined up to £500.

All staff serving alcohol to members of the public, and at events held outside the home, must have a Certificate of Alcohol Awareness and Legal Status.  This Certificate is to cover the following units:

  1. The law surrounding alcohol;
  2. An overview of the types and strengths of alcohol;
  3. Strategies in dealing with intoxicated and other difficult customers;
  4. Customer service standards;
  5. Health, Safety and well-being of staff and customers (including recognising allergic reactions to alcohol and food).

A regular media campaign is utilised to encourage sensible drinking.

As part of a wider drug-awareness programme in secondary schools, alcohol awareness is taught.

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