Food – most people love it, especially me!
But, there is much confusion surrounding it.
There does not seem to be any agreement as to what foods we should eat and how much we should consume. Take alcohol for example. There is conflicting advice a to whether everyone should take some as it is supposed to be good for our system, what drinks we should and should not take, whether we can have a drink every day and how much we should take. Then, there are disagreements as to how much carbon we should have in our diet or what fruit we should eat. We are often told fresh fruit is good for us, but a good number are high in sugar content, which if too much is taken, leads to various health issues! Eat in moderation, I say!
With the many food scandals, we are beginning to want to know what is in our food and where it comes from. Because many products have so many ingredients, it is difficult to publish their sources. Also, even with accreditation schemes for which there are a number, all of which have different criteria and so there is no standard. It does not help that consumers rely so much on non-fresh food and therefore many products are not 100% of a certain product, especially in terms of things like meat. Also we demand so much choice, that we really do not know what to choose.
Also, because of our demand for all-year round products, suppliers source them from all over the world, which leads to problems of an increase in transport carbon dioxide emissions and other costs. This demand also takes away the demand for local produce, though that is beginning to change with the desire to know where our food comes from.
Technology is beginning to catch up and it will soon be possible for every product to be scanned and one can see where precisely in the world each product is sourced from, where it is made and other information to help consumers make informed decisions. (eg https://www.provenance.org/ )
It is quite surprising that many farms still do not believe in animal welfare in terms of using natural feed products, giving them plenty of room to move around and not to mix breeds, all of which reduce flavour and do not do the animals any good in the long term (as it often leads to genetic problems). Then there is the issue of genetically-modified plants. For a discussion on this topic, see https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3558185/.
One of the big contentions is the monopoly supermarkets have on the market. Take the diary industry for example; the price that supermarkets pay farmers does not allow them to make any profits, and so many go out business and that means milk has to be imported. Also, supermarkets do not develop long-term relationships with suppliers, so they cannot plan or even innovate. We, the public need to persuade the supermarkets to reduce their margins so that there is more consistency in pricing. It is really a big con with all the special offers and reduction in product sizes.
With a growing population, we need to look at how much we eat and how much we throw away. This applies to consumers, supermarkets and to such places as restaurants. So much ends up in landfill, when most of it could be recycled in one form or another. It does not help that the labelling system is confusing and not always right.
We also need to look at how we can increase food production in areas of low incomes and where refugees live. Part of this problem is how we deal with climate change. For example, with the increase in the demand for meat, this increases the amount of methane gas from cows which in turn plays havoc with the climate. So, do we become vegetarians, like Adam and Eve were, or do we find natural solutions to capture the methane and use it for energy supplies?
I think that we need to have a consultation, bringing together producers, supermarkets, suppliers, consumers, and ethical groups to agree on pricing policies, welfare standards, the naturalness of products, recycling and waste, issues surrounding the environment, sourcing issues, health issues, etc.